Child development and milestones: Your 4-years-10-months-old
What milestones should your four-year-ten-month-old child be hitting now? Read more to find out.
Wow! In the blink of an eye, your little one is almost five years old: 4 years 10 months old to be precise. Kindergarten days are almost over and he will be going to primary school soon. At this age, your 4 years 10 months old child has an almost fully developed brain, so he is able to grasp more complex concepts.
In this article, we explore common 4 years 10 months old child milestones so you know if your little one is on track. At the same time, you should bear in mind that every child develops at their own rate. So, they might already hit some of these milestones or they might achieve them at different times.
Do observe your child as much as possible and if you notice any red flags, then the best option is always to talk to your paediatrician.
Your child’s development is now in preparation for them to start school. In this early childhood stage, your little one should be hitting these physical milestones:
- Loves physical activity like dancing, jumping, running and skipping.
- Adopts a more adult-like posture when throwing and catching ball.
- Engages in activities that require more hand-eye coordination.
- Accurately and skillfully uses simple tools like safety scissors.
- Becomes more physical with other children (which could include pushing, roughhousing, fighting).
- More spatial awareness.
- Stands on one foot for more than 10 seconds.
- Can turn somersaults and hop.
- Rides a tricycle or bicycle.
This is the time some children’s baby teeth start to fall, making space for permanent adult teeth. However, most kids don’t lose their baby teeth until after age five.
You can expect your child to grow about 6cm in height over the course of a year and also gain about 3kg in the same time period. Your child might also show a little more fussiness towards the food they eat.
- If you haven’t started your child in extra-curricular activities, then this is a ripe age to start doing so. Going for group classes outside will allow them to prepare better for school. Dance class is also a great way to encourage their spatial awareness.
- Give your child plenty of space and time to move around and explore their flexibility. Bring them out to parks for cycling or children’s Zumba classes or to a jungle gym to expend their energy.
- Your child is mimicking your eating behaviour, so if they are not gaining enough weight and are fussy with their food, it could be a reflection of what they see their parents doing. Try to minimise dieting in front of your kids at this impressionable age.
When to talk to your doctor:
If your child is eating but not gaining weight or growing in height, you should check with the doctor if there is any underlying health issues.
You should also raise concern if your child is:
- Anti-social and refusing to participate in any activities.
- Has started to lose energy drastically and appears “lazy”.
At this age, your child is going to be answering back a lot. That isn’t necessarily a bad thing. It shows a lot of critical thinking skills and development. When you have conversations with your child at this age, they are absorbing concepts and forming their own opinions.
You might also hear more complaints about tummy aches, headaches, body aches and such. This is because they’re becoming more aware of their bodies.
While there is a whole spectrum of skills they pick up at this age, here are some cognitive development milestones you can check on:
- Your child enjoys reading on his own.
- He is well-coordinated in his thoughts and arguments.
- Your child is curious about everything.
- He can express ideas clearly and give relevant examples.
- Your child speaks in longer sentences.
- Your child’s play time involves more role-playing and is more reflective of real life situations.
- Give your child lots of age-appropriate materials to read.
- Get books on rhyming, poems and riddles to entertain your child with and stimulate cognitive development further.
- Test your child on their memory skills with memory games.
When to talk to your doctor:
If your child is displaying very laggard progress when it comes to reading and vocalising their thoughts, it might be good to see a specialist to test their cognitive development.
Ah, a little social butterfly is emerging right now. At this age, many children are not shy to express their feelings, even around strangers.
Your not-so-little-one is also now learning that the whole world does not revolve around him or her. They should be able to pick up on other people’s feelings and body language.
They are also less likely to throw unreasonable tantrums because they are able to process their own feelings better, while learning how to express them in an effective manner.
At this stage, your 4 years 10 months old should be able to:
- Enjoy play time with friends and attempt for his or her actions to bring happiness to others.
- Understands sharing and rules of games.
- Obeys rules that you have set.
- Become more independent.
- Express themselves using words rather than throwing tantrums.
- Determine their competitiveness – they will either be less competitive or a lot more than before.
- Play dates at this age will do lots of good for your kids. Bring them out to meet new friends as well as their existing ones. Expose them to different cultures and practices as well to expand their horizons.
- At this age, structured play with rules to follow will shape your child into a better student in preparation for primary school.
- Allow your child to express themselves using words, even though they might be angry or frustrated.
When to talk to your doctor:
If your child is displaying any of these signs, it could be an indicator of a delay in development. In which case, you should bring them to the doctor. Here are some signs to look out for:
- Your child is extremely afraid, shy, or aggressive.
- He is extremely anxious when separated from a parent even if it’s a short period of time.
- He is easily distracted and unable to focus for more than five minutes.
- Your child is anti-social.
- Your child has no interests.
- He does not make eye contact with anyone.
- Your child does not respond when others speak to him.
- You child is unable to say his full name.
Your chatterbox’s vocabulary should have expanded quite a bit by this age. You should hear your child speaking a lot more and a lot more clearly at this age. He should be able to:
- Enunciate words and use more complex sentences.
- Count 10 or more objects.
- Correctly name at least four colours and three shapes.
- Recognise some letters and possibly write his or her name.
- Grasp more than one language if taught.
- Allow your child to interact with other adults like your own parents or friends, so he builds confidence in public speaking.
- If your child is a little bit shy compared to their peers, don’t force him to speak in settings he is not comfortable in.
- Expose your child to more educational shows or programmes to further expand vocabulary. But limit screen time to below an hour a day.
When to Talk to Your Doctor:
If you are concerned about your child’s language and speech development, here are some red flags to look out for before going to consult with a doctor:
- Your child is unable to interpret non-verbal communication at all.
- He or she does not make eye contact with people when speaking.
- Your child mixes up a lot of common words.
A child at 4 years 10 months old should be around 104cm – 114cm in height and weigh about 18 – 22kg. Your child is still rapidly growing at this age. To meet all of your child’s nutritional goals, here’s what he/she should be eating:
|Nutrient||Amount Needed Daily||What To Feed Them|
|Protein||20-35 grams (the size of a child’s palm)||A small piece of grilled chicken or baked salmon or a block of tofu|
|Calcium||1,000 milligrams (1 – 2 small cups)||A glass of milk, a small block of cheese or a cup of yogurt (to be doled out over three servings in a day)|
|Iron||10 milligrams||One small cup of minced beef (cooked into spaghetti sauce) or a cup of nuts to snack on.|
|Vitamin A||Not more than 3,000 IU (900 mcg RAE)||A cup of steamed carrots or broccoli or two egg yolks.|
|Vitamin C||Not more than 650 milligrams||An orange or five strawberries|
At this age, your child should already have these vaccinations done according to the vaccination schedule in Singapore:
- Diphtheria, tetanus, and whooping cough (pertussis) (DTaP) (5th dose)
- Polio (IPV) (4th dose)
- Measles, mumps, and rubella (MMR) (2nd dose)
- Chickenpox (varicella) (2nd dose)
- Influenza (Flu) (every year)
Common illnesses to look out for are the common flu, chicken pox, measles, mumps and possible food allergies.
When to talk to your doctor:
If you’ve missed out any of the vaccinations, it would be good to see a doctor and get your child caught up on them. Beyond that, if your child drastically puts on or loses weight, this is also a red flag.
A fever at this age is not as serious as the younger years, but should still be monitored. If your child temperature is above 38 Celsius for more than a day, please consult a doctor immediately.
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