Baby development and milestones: your 10 month old

Baby development and milestones: your 10 month old

Get to know your baby at 10 months, a stage where he becomes more chatty, curious, and adventurous!

As your little one marks his/her 10th month, you’ll be amazed at just how independent he/she is starting to become. Your 10-month-old is beginning to be adorably chatty, babbling and stringing syllables together, as he/she tries to communicate with everyone.

At this age, you’ll also get a feel of your baby’s personality. Is he/she a bit shy or more adventurous? Children also begin to pick out certain books, music, and movies they enjoy.

10 Month Old Development and Milestones: Is Your Baby on Track? 

Baby development and milestones: your 10 month old

Physical Development

At this stage, your child’s median length and weight* should be as follows: 

  • Boys
    – Length: 73.1 cm (28.8 inches)
    – Weight: 9.1 kg (20.1lb)
  • Girls 
    – Length: 71.6 cm (28.2 inches)
    – Weight: 8.8 kg (19.4lb)

And your child’s head circumference* should be:

  • Boys: 45.41 cm (17.9 inches)
  • Girls: 44.23 cm (17.4 inches)

Because your 10-month-old baby is becoming so curious, he/she will naturally want to explore his/her surroundings. It’s a good thing your baby’s motor skills are keeping up with him/her at this age! Not only can your baby crawl, but he/she can also stand on his/her own from a seated position.

You may notice that your baby holds on to various objects, like a low coffee table to a stool, and walks. This is called “cruising” and shows that your baby’s first steps are just around the corner.

Your baby  can sit down on his/her own and squat with support. Plus, your child is learning to move objects from one hand to the other with ease.

It’s also important for you to be extra wary of choking hazards, as 10-month-olds are fond of picking up small objects, thanks to the development of their pincer grasp.

Tips: 

  • This is the stage when baby-proofing your house is of utmost importance.
  • How can you encourage motor skills development and coordination? Turn up the music and encourage your baby to bop and shake to the tunes! This is great for his/her auditory development as well.

When to Talk to Your Doctor

If your child, 

  • Cannot bear weight on his/her legs.
  • Is unable to sit with support. 
  • Cannot smoothly move objects from one hand to another. 
10 month old development and milestones

What is your 10-month-old sweetheart doing these days?

Cognitive Development

Your 10-month-old is curious and observant, so it’s important to nurture his/her curiosity by allowing your baby to explore the world. Bring your baby outdoors or simply allow him/her to play with household objects to encourage intellectual development through exploration and observation. 

Peek-A-Boo is a favourite game, as he/she begins to feel the urge to look for things that are hidden from him/her. Your baby will also love watching falling objects.

Tips:

  • At this age, babies learn the concept of object permanence (knowing an object exists even when it is not seen). Encourage this by hiding toys or books and helping your child look for them.
  • Start naming objects even though your baby may not be able to form proper words yet. By doing this, you’re stimulating the part of his/her brain related to language and communication. 
  • It’s best to avoid all screen time at this stage. Instead, stimulate your child through age-appropriate books, STEAM (Science, Tech, Engineering, Arts, Maths) toys like blocks and paints, and of course, plenty of interaction. 

When to Talk to Your Doctor

If your child, 

  • Is unable to recognise people he/she is usually familiar with. 
  • Cannot follow an object with their eyes when you point at it.

Social and Emotional Development

10 month old babies are cute little copycats! Use your face as your best teaching tool for emotions and feeling. Make funny faces and exaggerate words. Give baby a big smile and tell him/her, “Look, mummy is happy!”, or when baby cries, console him/her by saying, “Are you sad, darling? Don’t be. I’m going to give you a big hug and make you happy!”

At this age, your baby may start being wary of strangers and clingy towards certain “favourite” people. This is a continuation of the stranger anxiety your baby might have started to display a month or two ago, and should ease in the next few months. 

At times, your child may exhibit odd behaviour. This includes head banging, rolling around, grinding teeth or pulling hair as a way to deal with stressful changes in his/her environment.

Tips:

  • Your baby may begin to form fears he/she never had before at this age, like when he/she hears thunder or loud sounds. Reassure your baby with lots of cuddles and love. 
  • If you need to leave your baby at daycare for the first time, be sure to always tell him/her, “Mummy/Daddy will be back real soon!” Don’t linger near the daycare after saying your byes and always leave with a big smile. 
  • Avoid forcing your baby to go to people if he/she seems shy or scared to do so. 

When to Talk to Your Doctor

If your baby, 

  • Is not responsive to words and actions.
  • Does not babble or make eye contact with ease.
  • Is listless and unresponsive to stimuli.

Speech and Language Development

Your baby’s fast-developing brain allows him/her  to comprehend more words. For instance, words like “mama”, “dada”, “dog”, and “cat” may become staples in your child’s daily vocabulary. He/she may also have long “conversations” with you in utterly cute baby talk. Respond animatedly.

Tips: 

  • Enhance your child’s communication skills by engaging with him, talking, reading and singing to him/her. 
  • Many babies tend to retain words more effectively if it is accompanied by a melody. Time to brush up those singing skills! 
  • During change time or bath time, gently poke your baby’s tummy and name it. Do the same with those tiny toes and fingers and chubby limbs. This is not only a great bonding exercise, but you’re also teaching your baby the names of body parts. 
  • When you read to your baby, be as expressive as possible. Change the tone and cadence of your voice to suit the characters or experience being described in the book. 
  • Avoid giving common items “baby” names and labels. For example, your baby’s milk should be called “milk” and not “nom nom” or “milk-milk”. In other words, teach baby the correct names for items and objects. 

When to Talk to Your Doctor

If your child, 

  • Is not even attempting to say simple words like “mama”, “baba”, or “dada”.

Health and Nutrition

Your 10 months old baby might have a great appetite by now and will be exciting to try new foods, textures and flavours. You can give your little one four small meals a day, with each meal being around half a bowl in quantity. Your baby can also be offered two small snacks in between his/her milk feedings. 

Typically, the calorie intake for boys and girls of this age are as follows:

  • Boys: 731.9 Kcal/day
  • Girls: 705.2 Kcal/day 

Their nutrition should be composed of the following: 

  • Protein

This is an essential nutrient to fuel all that growing and development your child is doing and help him/her grow tall and strong.

Your child needs around 23.7 grams of protein daily. This amounts to approximately an adult female palm-sized portion of fish, or a child palm-sized piece of red meat or chicken, or five to seven tablespoons of dry beans and peas, or an egg, or 5-7 dice-sized cubes of tofu. 

Give your child oily fish such as sardine or pink salmon as these are high in Omega 3 fatty acids, essential for brain development. 

  • Fruits 

Fruits provide essential nutrients and antioxidants, as well as fibre needed for good digestive health. 

Your baby needs about 1/4 cup of fruits every day. 1/4 cup of fruit equals 1/4 of fresh, frozen, or canned fruit, 1/8 cup dried fruit, 1/4 of a large apple, 1/4 of a large banana, or half a small avocado. 

Give your baby fresh fruits whenever possible rather than canned or dried fruits, which are high in sugar content. 

  • Vegetables 

Along with fruits, vegetables provide crucial vitamins and minerals crucial for your baby’s growth. 

Your child requires 1/4 cups (25g each) of vegetables every day. 1/4 cup of vegetables equals 1/4 cup of cooked vegetables, half  a cup of leafy greens like spinach or kale, 1/4 large tomato, half a medium carrot, or 1/4 cup broccoli or cauliflower.

  • Grains 

Your child’s daily grains requirement is up to 1.5 ounces or about 42.5 grams. This equals around 1.5 slices of bread, 1.5 cups of cereal or oatmeal, or one cup of cooked pasta or rice. 

Choose whole grains, such as whole-grain bread or brown rice which have beneficial fibre and nutrients. Limit refined grains such as white bread, pasta and white rice.

  • Milk/Dairy 

Your child should drink a minimum of 700-1000 mL of milk every day. Avoid cow’s milk until your baby is one year old. 

In a nutshell, here’s what your child needs every day (refer above for what the amounts look like):

  • Fruits: 1/4 for boys; 1/4 cups for girls
  • Vegetables: 1/4 cups for boys; 1/4 cups for girls
  • Grains: up to 1.5 ounces for boys and girls
  • Proteins: 22.50g for boys; 22.50g for girls 
  • Milk: 20-35 ounces of breast milk or 24 ounces of formula for boys and girls
  • Water: 800 ml for boys; 800 ml for girls

As we said in a previous article, it’s up to mums (and babies) to decide when to wean. At this age, it’s also a good time to widen your baby’s appreciation of more types of fruit, vegetables, grains, and meat.

Tips

  • Be careful of food that could be possible choking hazards, like raisins, candy, grapes, and hotdogs.
  • By now, more of your little one’s “milk teeth” have also erupted, so he/she is ready to chow down on yummy food that is thicker in consistency, like porridge.
  • Cut-up solid food is also a good idea. Not only is new food enjoyable, but it also help develop your baby’s pincer grasp and coordination if he/she has to pick up food and put it in his/her mouth.
  • Take an easy-to-grip spoon and allow your little one to feed himself.
  • Be sure to place a mat on the table or under his chair for stress-free clean-up, as it’ll be messy at first! But allowing your child to become more independent is an important part of this stage of parenting.

Vaccinations and Common Illnesses

By now, your baby should have got the following vaccinations:

  • BCG
  • Hepatitis​ B (1st, 2nd and 3rd dose)
  • DTaP (1st, 2nd and 3rd dose)
  • IPV (1st, 2nd and 3rd dose)
  • Hib (1st, 2nd and 3rd dose)
  • Pneumococcal Conjugate (1st and 2nd dose)

To read more about your child’s vaccination schedule, click here

Has your baby had his/her first common cold yet? While it’s stressful to see your little one ill, sickness in kids is inevitable and in fact, helps build up baby’s immunity. Other than the common cold, little ones may also be prone to common illnesses like Hand, Foot Mouth disease, seasonal strains of influenza and coughs and rashes. 

Mums and dad, you should never medicate your baby on your own unless you are doctors yourself. Please seek medical advice for any illness in your child, even common ones. However, you can ease your child’s symptoms through, for example, saline drops for a congested nose or lukewarm sponging for fever. 

Tips

  • Wash your hands before feeding your baby or after a diaper change. Advise all caregivers of your baby to do the same. 
  • It’s normal for baby to go off food when sick. Don’t stress about this as his/her appetite will return when he/she is better. However, do keep up the fluids to prevent dehydration. 
  • Ensure all sharp corners of tables or other furniture are padded to prevent accidents. Fasten cupboards and bookshelves to the wall. 

When to Talk to Your Doctor

If your child, 

  • Is lagging behind on average height and weight. 
  • Is losing a lot of weight. 
  • Has fever over 38 degrees Celsius. 
  • Has unusualy rashes, cuts or bumps. 

We hope you found this article useful. What can your baby do at 10 months old?

Sources: WebMD, MayoClinic

*Disclaimer: This is the median length and weight, and head circumference according to WHO standards.

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Written by

Bianchi Mendoza

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