Child development and milestones: Your 5-year-2-month-old child

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Check out the developmental milestones for children aged 5 years 2 months old!

It seemed like only yesterday when your child relied on you for every want and need. But at 5 years 2 months old, your little one seems ready to take on the world! At this age, your child is an optimist whose attitude will see him try new things without much hesitation. 

In general, your 5 years 2 months old child is very happy to take life as it comes. You’ll notice that go-getter attitude through some of the things your little one will say, like “Sure!” and “Wonderful!” And what’s best of all is that your kid will be more cooperative with you since he isn’t trying to prove he is the boss around here!

Here are some of the key milestones to take note of for kids that are 5 years 2 months old.

5 Years 2 Months old Development and Milestones: Is Your Child on Track?

5 years 2 months old

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Physical Development

Your child is very confident in his own abilities now. He doesn’t stumble and fall anywhere near as much as before, and can perform many more complex moves. This confidence might be due in part to the 20/20 vision your child now has. 

But it’s not just great vision that allows your child to see things more clearly. Your 5 years 2 months old little one is also more in control of his body, and understands his physical abilities and limitations better. This also lowers the risk of injuries and accidents. 

Some of the physical actions your child can perform at 5 years 2 months old are:

  • Walk up and down stairs without any assistance
  • Walk forward and backwards without any issues
  • Hop and skip confidently
  • Can fasten buttons and zippers
  • Prefers to use one hand over the other
  • Learns to hold a pencil with two fingers and a thumb
  • Handles utensils with ease

Parenting Tips:

  • Let your child have time and space to play outside. Encouraging him to play helps them develop their gross motor skills
  • Invite your kid’s friends over or go on play dates. Your child loves spending time with other people and can learn from watching them perform new actions
  • Enroll your child in a fun physical activity class, like karate, ballet, or swimming. Learning specific actions helps with your child’s flexibility and can be enjoyable when there is something to aim towards
  • Encourage your child to help prepare breakfast. He can handle cereal and milk easily. However, there might be a few spills. Tell your child it’s okay if a mess is made, but do teach him how to clean up too. 

When to Talk to Your Doctor

If your child: 

  • Can’t brush his own teeth or wash his hands without help
  • Cannot stack a tower of blocks more than eight units high
5 years 2 months old

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Cognitive Development

By now, your little one is very much aware of the world and has a general idea of what things are, as well as their functions. He understands what money is and can tell the difference between coins and notes. 

Your child is constantly learning and picking up new skills, so it can be hard to pinpoint the exact milestones for 5 years 2 months old kids. However, your little one is innately curious and will continue to want to learn and try different things. This is always a good marker of growth that your child is exploratory.

You might pick up that your child is able to really get into pretend play! Your little one can play for up to 15 minutes without breaking character. 

Here are some of the cognitive milestones to be aware of at this age:

  • Know that stories have a beginning, middle and end
  • Able to identify if numbers and letters aren’t in order
  • Stick with one activity for at least 15 minutes
  • Plan ahead the next activity

Parenting Tips:

  • Roleplay with your child when reading. The books are predictable and your child’s memory will improve when he recites the lines of a character.
  • Take your child on shopping trips to see and learn about different items and actions
  • Practise writing and drawing with your child. Encourage drawing different objects and give plenty of praise for effort.

When to Talk to Your Doctor

If your child: 

  • Has very few interests
  • Doesn’t engage in pretend play or fantasizing
5 years 2 months old

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Social and Emotional Development

Your 5 years 2 months old child is a very sociable and adorable young person who looks up to you and wants you to be happy with him. As such, you’ll notice your little one looking to you quite often for approval or comfort. In fact, your child will try different ways for you to express your love for him due to his need for reassurance.

At this point, your child is also equally able to express love for others. Your 5 years 2 months old child gets along very easily with other children and sometimes might want to play with them without you nearby.

Watch out for the following developments: 

  • Enjoys playing with other children (usually two others) gets along well with others, although plays better with two friends than with three
  • Really loves to play “house”
  • Likes to play with blocks
  • Likes swinging, climbing, jumping, and skipping
  • Wants to please friends and might adopt some of their behaviours
  • Likes to get attention

Parenting Tips:

  • Ask your child how he feels when he tells stories. Learning how to express his feelings is the first step to also learning how to manage strong emotions, like anger or sadness. 
  • Play games with rules. This gives you an opportunity to teach your child how to handle losing and use this as a learning opportunity to try again another time, instead of throwing a tantrum.
  • As much as your child likes playing with others, encourage solitary play, too. Get your child “props” like your old clothes, shoes, even pots and pans, so he can engage in imaginary play to boost both independence and creativity. 

When to Talk to Your Doctor

If your child: 

  • Does not make eye contact with or responds to other people
  • Often seems sad and unhappy
  • Does not express a wide range of emotions
5 years 2 months old

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Speech and Language Development

Your little one is an eloquent speaker at 5 years 2 months old. He can speak clearly in sentences consisting of more than five words. Your child understands a lot of what you say and can hold a lengthy conversation with you.

It’s normal for kids at this stage to struggle with a stutter. If your child occasionally stumbles over words, don’t fret – this is all part of your child’s normal speech and language developmental process. 

Your child now has a vocabulary of over 2000 words and this increases with every passing moment. She might try to incorporate these new words and may get them wrong. If she does struggle, avoid correcting her immediately. Instead, use that word correctly when it’s your turn to speak. “Yes, I’d LOVE to have a bowl of spaghetti!” is better than stopping her mid-sentence to correct her mispronunciation.

Here are some of the speech and language milestones that your child will likely have reached by now:

  • Tells stories with complete sentences.
  • Correctly uses future tense.
  • Recognises most of the alphabet letters.
  • Tells jokes and longer stories
  • Follows simple multi-step directions

Parenting Tips:

  • Take time to read a bedtime story to your child at bedtime. Encourage your child to select a different book each night, and don’t forget to ask your child a few questions about the story too. Read new books with your child. This will help with vocabulary expansion. 
  • Talk about what happened in the day. Use descriptive words to refer to the time, like “before” and “a while ago”.
  • If you notice your child growing frustrated because of stuttering, be patient. Take your time to listen, and encourage your child to first think about what he wants to say, before speaking. This may help control the stutter.

When to Talk to Your Doctor

If your child:

  • Is not excited to tell you about his daily activities
  • Cannot say his full name
  • Is unable to complete a full sentence
5 years 2 months old

Image source: Shutterstock

Health and Nutrition

Your 5 years 2 months old child will be roughly 17kg-20.3kg in weight and 106cm-112.2cm in height. He will need about 1,200 to 1,600 calories daily, depending on just how active they are!

At this age, your child will find it easy to fill up on snacks. Ideally, you should aim to have three meal times (breakfast, lunch, and dinner) with two healthy snacks along the way.

Your little one’s diet should have a balanced split of different nutrients and minerals.

Aim to include 3-5 ounces of protein (2 matchbox-sized portions of meat OR 1 egg), 1-1.5 cups of fruit (1 small banana, 2 strawberries quartered), 1.5-2.5 cups of vegetables, 4-6 ounces of grains (2 tablespoons of rice OR 1 slice of wholegrain bread OR 2 tablespoons of pasta), and 2.5 cups of dairy daily.

Parenting tips:

  • Limit sugary snacks to a minimum. Your little one will easily go through a bag of them if you allow it. With no nutritional benefits, sugary snacks only have negative health effects. 
  • Keep food simple. You don’t need to cook a fancy meal each time. Although your little one is smart and can use a fork, finger food is always fun and easy to eat, as well as prepare.

When to Talk to Your Doctor

If your child: 

  • Is terribly underweight or overweight, or is losing/gaining weight rapidly
  • Has unusual rashes or lumps
  • Has a fever over 39 degrees Celsius 

Vaccinations and Common Illnesses

Most of your child’s vaccinations have already been covered at this age. Do check with your doctor for common ones your child needs on a more regular basis, like the flu shot.

As your child is spending more time around other children, expect him to contract common colds and the flu occasionally. Hand, foot and mouth disease is also another common illness among kids this age. You can prevent many of these conditions by practicing and teaching your child basic hygiene, including hand-washing. 

References: Mayoclinic, WebMD, Kidshealth

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Written by

Vinnie Wong

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