Child Development and Milestones: Your 4 years 6 months old child

Child Development and Milestones: Your 4 years 6 months old child

Is your child on track?

Your 4 years 6 months old child is more active than ever! He is also becoming more independent and self-confident.

Notice how he is starting to be able to play by himself for longer periods of time? How eager he is to explore and experience new things? Or how he can already articulate his emotions when he is feeling frustrated?

These are just few of the milestones that a 4 years 6 months old child will master. Find out more about your child’s development this month

4 Years 6 Months Old Child Development: Is your child on track?

4 years 6 months old

Physical development

Children develop their motor skills through play. By 4 years 6 months old, your child is more active then ever—running, hopping, climbing, and kicking balls!

Here are some of the things he should be able to do by this age:

  • Walk heel-to-toe (no more tip-toes!)
  • Walk forwards and backwards
  • Run agilely 
  • Kick balls making foot contact
  • Climb jungle gyms (with an adult supervision)
  • Stand on one foot for at least four seconds
  • Hop
  • Ride a tricycle

He will also have better control on his grip, so you can also expect him to do the following:

  • Use a fork and a spoon
  • Draw simple shapes
  • Draw a person
  • Stack blocks
  • Use scissors
  • String beads
  • Dress and undress
  • Brush teeth

Tips: 

  • You can encourage physical development through different activities like playing tag, hopscotch, and football.
  • You can also allow your child to get dressed alone, fostering independence in your little one. Also, fastening buttons and pulling up zips is good for fine motor skill development. 
  • Another good tip would be to let your child play with building blocks to enhance his grip
  • Balls are also a good toy to play with, since throwing and catching balls can enhance your child’s hand-eye coordination
4-year-9-month-old

Image courtesy: Shutterstock

When to Talk to Your Doctor:

  • If your child has some trouble holding objects such as pencils or crayons
  • When he finds it difficult to throw and catch a ball
  • If he has a hard time running, or hopping around
Social and Emotional Development

At 4 years 6 months old, your child is more independence and has a proper little personality. He is at the stage wherein he wants to please everybody—friends, family, and most especially, you!

Although your child is more aware of himself, he still has a long way to go to be fully in control of his emotions. Watch out for these indicators of social and emotional development in your little one: 

  • Readily shares toys 
  • Takes part in group games, understanding the rules
  • May get upset if another child is “mean” to him
  • Will still get easily frustrated or angry, but is able to express why he is upset using words.
  • Understands the concept of taking turns.

Tips:

  • If your child gets frustrated over a task or game with others, teach your little one how to take a breather, and then focus on what needs to be done, again. 
  • Use positive words and encouragement: “It’s okay that you couldn’t do it this time. You just need to try again next time!”
  • Encourage your child to express all kinds of emotions (even the negative ones) for healthy emotional health development. 

When to talk to your doctor:

If your child: 

  • Is overly afraid, shy or aggressive
  • Has extreme separation anxiety
  • Cannot focus for more than five minutes
  • Is unwilling to play with other children
Cognitive Development

Your child is learning more and more every day, and can use logic to answer simple questions. Additionally, your child uses imagination and creativity wonderfully, which is an indicator of cognitive development. Here are some other exciting developments to watch out for: 

  • Counts up to ten or more objects
  • Identifies at least four colors
  • Knows at least three shapes
  • Recognises some letters
  • Writes his own name
  • Understands the order of a daily routine
  • Has a longer attention span
  • Follows up to three instructions
  • Recognises signs like the stop sign or some logos or brands
  • Holds a book correctly

Tips:

  • Let your child do simple chores to help develop a sense of responsibility.
  • Introduce new colours and teach your child how to identify these in fun ways. For example, “these yummy grapes are purple! Show me something else that is the same colour.”
  • Point at different objects in the house and ask your child to identify these.
  • Give your child a daily routine to introduce structure and a sense of organisation. 

When to talk to your doctor

If your child: 

  • Can’t identify basic colors, or has difficulty with certain colours such as blue or green
  • Is unable to follow simple instructions
  • Can’t identify basic shapes, or gets confused with simple shapes
Speech and Language Development

From a babbling baby, you child can now actually converse! At 4 years and 6 months, he should know around 1,500 words—and he’s adding more to his vocabulary every day. He is also formulating 4-5 word sentences.

Your child can also do the following:

  • Memorize lines from a favourite book
  • Knows some lower case letters
  • Recognises name when read
  • Identifies rhyming words

Tips:

  • Use flashcards to teach your child letters and simple words
  • Flashcards that have numbers are also a good way to teach your child how to count beyond what he already knows
  • Encourage your child to write his own name using a pen and paper so that he feels like a “big kid.”
  • Read stories before bedtime, and point at specific words so that your child identifies how those words are spelled

When to talk to your doctor

If your child:

  • Has trouble counting from 1 to 10
  • Struggles to write his own name
  • Can’t identify any letters
4 years 5 months old

Along with exercise, having a proper diet can help boost your little one’s development.

Health and Nutrition

At 4 years and 6 months, your child should be eating more vegetables, fruits, low-fat dairy products, lean proteins, and whole-grain cereals and bread. He should also stay away from sugary fruit and fizzy drinks.

Here’s a handy chart for your little one’s daily nutritional needs:

Nutrient Amount Needed Daily What To Feed Them
Protein 20.1g (the size of your child’s palm) About 3 one-inch cubes of lean meat, such as pork, chicken, or fish per meal
Fat 25g  Quarter cup of nuts, such as almonds or macadamia nuts as a snack
Fibre 25g  1 cup of cooked pearl barley or red rice or pasta
Calcium 600mg One cup of milk OR one cup yoghurt OR 2 slices of cheese

Vaccinations

At 4 years 5 months old, there are no new vaccinations, but your child should already have got the following:

  • Diphtheria, tetanus, and whooping cough (pertussis) (DTaP) (5th dose)
  • Polio (IPV) (4th dose)
  • Measles, mumps, and rubella (MMR) (2nd dose)
  • Chickenpox (varicella) (2nd dose)

Talk to a doctor about giving your child the flu vaccine every year. 

When to Talk to Your Doctor

If your child:

  • Has sudden weight gain/ loss
  • Has high fever (over 39 degrees C)
  • Shows sudden mood changes
  • Has swelling and pain after a fall 

*If you have any concerns about your child’s development, please speak to your paediatrician for professional advice. 

Previous month: 4 years 5 months

Next month: 4 years 7 months

Sources: Scholastic, WebMD, CDC, Super Kids Nutrition

Got a parenting concern? Read articles or ask away and get instant answers on our app. Download theAsianparent Community on iOS or Android now!

app info
get app banner