Toddler Development And Milestones: Your 1 Year And 7 Month Old

Toddler Development And Milestones: Your 1 Year And 7 Month Old

Your little one is honing his/her discovery skills. Don't forget to set the boundaries so he/she can go exploring safely!

Your tiny tot is always on the go, running, dancing, climbing. His energy levels are up, up, up! He wants to be everywhere, go everywhere, see everything. Cabinets are opened, laundry baskets overturned, and you see his adorable smile peek out from under the sheets.

1 Year and 7 Month Old Development and Milestones: Is Your Tot on Track?

Toddler Development And Milestones: Your 1 Year And 7 Month Old

Physical Development

This is a great time to explore the outdoors, go to the park and meet friends at the playground. Your child can run around, throw his ball and practice catching. At this point, he is still much better at throwing than catching! Swings are another toddler favourite, but teach him to be careful when approaching someone in mid-swing.

At this point, your toddler may have developed an interest in brushing his own teeth. This is fine, as long as you do a second brush afterwards.

As a general guideline, the average weight of a 19 month old is around 9.8-12.2 kg and while his average height would be 79.6-85.0 cm.

At this stage, your child’s median height and weight* should be as follows: 

  • Boys
    – Height: 83.3 cm (32.8 inches)
    – Weight: 11.2 kg (24.6 lb)
  • Girls 
    – Height: 81.7 cm (32.2 inches)
    – Weight: 10.8 kg (23.9 lb)

And your child’s head circumference* should be:

  • Boys: 47.5 cm (18.7 inches)
  • Girls: 46.4 cm (18.3 inches)

Tips:

  • Toddlers' fine and gross motor skills can be enhanced with ease around this month. Give them objects to play with of different weight and sizes. Your toddler will love to pick up, throw and drop things. These actions will help him understand weight and size concepts and develop his grip.
  • All of this action means your tiny tot needs a fair amount of sleep. Usually, toddlers at this age sleep 12 to 14 hours, including one nap at midday. Each child is different, so don't worry if your tiny tot is a sleepyhead or a night owl.
  • In fact, for some toddlers, all of the daytime activities creep into their dreams. You might find your little one wandering around at night! Gently bring him back to bed and let his body get the rest it needs. Night wakings are not unusual at this age.
  • Toddler development at 1 year and 7 months goes by so quickly. It is important to update your child safety measures every two months. 

When to Talk to Your Doctor:

  • Instead of your little one waking in the middle of the night, maybe you are the one waking up! Yes, some toddlers snore quite loudly. Generally, this is harmless, but if you are worried, check with your paediatrician.

19 month old development

Cognitive Development

Your tiny tot is now able to undress himself with your help. And some are even beginning to play dress up! Mummy's high heels are a firm favourite with any toddler, but so are daddy's flip flops and dress shoes. Hats and shawls are other fun items to try out, or turning a towel into a turban!

Notice how your toddler knows how to use utensils? He knows a spoon is for feeding, and a bottle for drinking. He can pretend that the remote control is a phone (or the phone a remote control!). He loves to imitate the tings you do, such as brushing a doll's hair, or feeding the teddy bear.

Tips:

  • Your child also knows the different body parts, and can point at them when you name them. Try singing songs with him, such as "Daddy Finger" or "Head, Shoulders, Knees and Toes", but go slowly, especially in the beginning. It might take him a moment or two to catch up!
  • By now, your little one should be able to respond to short verbal commands, such as a request to sit down. He might not stay seated for long though, as toddlers live in the moment. "Now I'm sitting, now I'm not!"
  • Some toddlers may have a favourite blanket, toy or pillow. When you realise that your child's tantrum is getting a little out of hand, do not think twice before giving their comforter.
  • All children develop at their own pace. Some love prancing around in their parents' shoes, some prefer to quietly watch. Some toddlers take three hour naps, other toddlers keep going all day.

When to Talk to Your Doctor:

  • If you feel your child is not reacting to what you say or even looking at you, it would be advisable to visit your  doctor.

Social and Emotional Development

There is a whole lot of loving going on in your toddler's life! Your little one adores hugs and kisses, though he might squirm if he thinks it takes too long. He prefers many short hugs to long cuddles. There is just so much to see and do!

Tips:

  • Common recommendations are to read to your toddler for twenty minutes a day, but that can be hard with such an active little boy. It's fine to break this up into several short bursts. This gives you a chance of multiple cuddles as well. Don't force him to sit down if he doesn't feel like it.
  • Make reading a fun activity, and you'll notice that his stamina for sitting still grows.
  • At 1 year and 7 months old, your little one still prefers to interact with adults. He may be showing the first signs of social awareness though – he sometimes hands over a toy or an item to another child. It's a good time to begin teaching him about sharing and using words, but it will take a while before the message sinks in!
  • Your toddler really enjoys listening and learning. At this point, encouragement works better than criticism. Also, his attention span is very short. So try and teach him in short bursts, and let him run off when his brain gets tired. Don't worry. He'll be back, because he loves spending time with you!

When to Talk to Your Doctor:

  • Always remember that no two children will behave the same. Only when your child is inactive, or not responsive to any instructions, should you visit the doctor to rule out any conditions.

19 month old development

Speech and Language Development

Most toddlers learn to speak between the ages of eight and 24 months – it's quite a range! So don't worry if your little one is not yet spitting out words. Speech delays are very common. In fact, they are the most common type of developmental delay. But as always, if you are worried, do consult a specialist or paediatrician.

Tips:

  • If your child is learning more languages, such as English and Mandarin or Malay or Tamil, word acquisition will be spread out over these languages. Your little one might begin the sentence in one language and end with another. This is fine. By school age, he will have picked up on the differences and will know how to keep the languages separate.
  • In the meantime, you are your toddler's most important teacher, so use words when you communicate with him. You could point out what you see on a walk outside, or describe a picture in a book.
  • If your child still uses a dummy, make sure you slowly wean him from it. Prolonged use of a dummy may cause speech delays and dental issues.

Health and Nutrition

We cannot sugarcoat the truth: Your little one is a messy eater. If this bothers you, you could put a plastic cover or old newspapers underneath his chair for easy clean up. Other tips are to use bowls with tall sides and thick spoons. Remember to use plastic cutlery for your tiny tot, as metal ones can get very hot.

Typically, the calorie intake for boys and girls of this age are as follows:

  • Boys: 916.8 Kcal/day
  • Girls: 881.2 Kcal/day 

To meet their daily nutrition needs, it should be composed of the following:

  • Protein

Introduce your tot to sources of protein such as poultry, seafood, dairy, beans, nuts and seeds, eggs, and tofu. One serving equals one to three tablespoons of lean meat, chicken, or fish, four to five tablespoons of dry beans and peas, or one egg (in total 17.5g of protein). Introduce 2 servings of fish or meat 1/3 the size of your palm. 

  • Fruits 

Your child needs about 3 cups (100g/cup) of fruits every day. 3 cups of fruit equals 2 of fresh, frozen, or canned fruit, half cup of dried fruit and half of a large apple, cut into small pieces.

  • Vegetables 

At this stage, your child requires 1.5 cups (25g each) of vegetables every day. 1.5 cups of vegetables equals to 1 cup cooked mashed or finely chopped vegetables, 1/4 large tomato and/or 1/4 a medium carrot.

Aim to provide a variety of vegetables, including dark green, red and orange, beans and peas, starchy and others, each week. When selecting canned or frozen vegetables, look for options lower in sodium.

  • Grains 

Introduce up to 3 ounces of grains in your child’s meals. One ounce of grains equals one slice of bread, one cup of ready-to-eat cereal, or half (1/2) cup of cooked pasta or cooked cereal.

Choose whole grains, such as whole-wheat bread, oatmeal, popcorn, quinoa, or brown or wild rice. Limit refined grains such as white bread, pasta and rice.

  • Milk/Dairy 

Your child should drink a minimum of 400-700ml of breastmilk. You can choose to switch it up with milk, cheese or yoghurt.

In a nutshell, here’s what your child needs every day (refer above for what the amounts look like):

  • Fruits: 3 cups for boys; 3 cups for girls 
  • Vegetables: 1.5 cups for boys; 1.5 cups for girls
  • Grains: 3 ounces for boys; 3 ounces for girls
  • Proteins: 20g for boys; 20g for girls  
  • Milk: 16 to 24 ounces for boys; 16 to 24 ounces for girls
  • Water: 1200 ml for boys; 1200 ml for girls

Tips:

  • Even though your toddler might make a mess of meal times, let him use a spoon and a fork as he will enjoy eating food better this way. Consult your doctor if your toddler needs supplements for vitamins A, C and D.
  • Make food fun for them. They need a variety of fruits and vegetables along with meat proteins.  If you are breastfeeding three to four times a days still, this may hamper the child's growth and balanced diet as more than 600 ml of milk per day may not be advisable. Hide vegetables in pureed pasta sauce and make shapes out of fruits to make them more attractive.
  • Keep introducing new food items. Your child may take some time before he's comfortable eating it. Eat it in front of him to build the trust.
  • Many kids suffer from constipation around this time, if they do not consume sufficient liquids. It's best to make your toddler drink as much as water as possible. Make "drink time" fun for them!
  • Though it might be too early for him to potty train, he might be able to alert you when he wants to pee or poo. Best to tell your tot to inform you before doing so.
  • You may have a very fussy eater – that is absolutely normal. 
  • Your child will love gnawing into toys and anything he can get his hands on. It's best to regularly keep the toys and other furniture and floor as clean as possible to avoid an upset tummy.

When to Talk to Your Doctor:

  • At this age, your alertness is very important. If your child accidentally swallows a non-edible object, visit your doctor immediately.
  • If your toddler is still choking or coughing during meal times
  • When you think your child is not getting enough nutrients for his age
Vaccination

To find out what vaccinations your child should have gotten up to now, and check if this schedule is up-to-date, click here. As of 18 months, these immunisations should have been introduced to your child:

  • DTaP – 1st booster: Immunisation against Diphtheria, Pertussis & Tetanus
  • IPV – 1st booster: Immunisation against Poliomyelitis
  • Hib – 1st booster: Haemophilus influenza type b vaccine
  • MMR – 2nd dose : Immunisation against Measles, Mumps & Rubella

Even with a complete vaccination record, your child might still catch colds, the flu and other common illnesses like Hand Foot and Mouth disease. If your child shows signs of severe discomfort, including vomiting, diarrhoea or very high fever (over 38°C/100.4°F), you should consult a doctor.

Do read up about hand, foot and mouth disease. Find out what it is, and what you should do in the event your toddler has it.

Treating Common Illnesses 
 
To manage the three most common medical issues in kids–fever, cough, and cold–try the following: 
  • To treat fever in kids

Try using children’s ibuprofen or acetaminophen. Never give a child aspirin that could lead to Reye’s syndrome—a life-threatening illness that affects the liver and brain. You can also give your child a sponge bath with lukewarm water and do dress him/her lightly.

When it comes to treatment of cough and cold, the The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (DFA) does not recommend over-the-counter (OTC) medicines for children younger than 2 years old. It is always advised to seek the opinion of the paediatrician.  

  • To treat coughs and cold in kids
    • Try placing in a humidifier near your child’s bed. This moistens the air and helps prevent the drying of their nasal passages and throat.
    • Use saline drops or spray to moisten nasal passages for infants with stuffy nose. Clean their nose after with a bulb syringe or any other suction tool meant for infants.
    • Give your child plenty of fluids such as water and milk. 
    • Try feeding chicken soup that helps to reduce inflammation.
    • Do NOT use medicated vapour in children under two years of age. 

When To See a Doctor

  • When your child is not eating or drinking, with signs of dehydration (such as decreased urination)
  • Excessive crankiness or sleepiness
  • Persistent ear pain
  • If the cough lasts for more than three weeks

*Note: Always take your child to the paediatrician if his/her fever rises above 38 degrees or the symptoms seem to be getting worse.

Development milestones vary from child to child. If you have any concerns regarding your little one’s growth, do not hesitate to consult your paediatrician. 

Source: WebMD, FDA

Your toddler’s previous month: Toddler development and milestones: your 1-year-and-6-month-old

Your toddler’s next month: Toddler development and milestones: your 1-year-and-8-month-old

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