Baby Development And Milestones: Your 2 Week Old Baby

Baby Development And Milestones: Your 2 Week Old Baby

Explore the remarkable journey of your 2-week-old baby's development and milestones. Dive into their budding awareness and precious early interactions in this insightful article.

How much can 2 week old babies see? How long can 2 week newborn sleep?

By now, it must have just started to sink in that those tiny hands you felt fluttering in your belly just two weeks ago are yours in real life to kiss and hold. That’s right – you’re a proud parent to a beautiful 2-week old baby! 

Though it’s only been a little over a week since your baby was born, there are still some changes and growth you can keep an eye out for. Here’s a glimpse of a 2 week old baby’s development and milestones.

2 Week Old Baby Development

Physical Development

By week two, some babies might have recovered the weight they lost in their first week of life, while others might still be working towards it. You should definitely see a difference by around day 10 to 14, once your milk well and truly kicks in.

At this stage, your child’s median length and weight* should be as follows: 

  • Boys
    – Length: 49.8 cm (19.6 inches)
    – Weight: 3.3 kg (7.4lb)
  • Girls 
    – Length: 49.2 cm (19.4 inches)
    – Weight: 3.3kg (7.3lb)

And your child’s head circumference* should be:

  • Boys: 34.5 cm (13.6 inches)
  • Girls: 33.9 cm (13.3 inches)

Once your baby starts to gain weight again, he/she should continue to put on weight at around 25 grams a day. But this won’t necessarily happen in a predictable way, more likely in fits and starts. 

Your baby may have a little bit of hair or lots of it. If the hair is patchy, you should see it filling out over the next month or so. 

You will also notice that the baby can grip your finger quite strongly. This is known as the palmar grasp reflex. To learn about other reflexes in your newborn, click here.

Umbilical cord care might still be needed if baby’s stump has not fallen off yet. Keep the stump and the surrounding area as dry as possible, and it should fall off by the end of this week. 

See a doctor if your baby: 

  • Experiences rapid weight loss. 
  • The umbilical stump is red, the area around it is swollen and/or it’s giving out a foul smell. 

Cognitive Development

At two weeks, your baby will start reacting to sound and light, startling at loud noises. Swaddling them will help control the startle reflex especially when the baby is asleep.  Though your baby’s vision has still not developed that well, you will notice him/her gazing at you or your partner’s face.

Just remember to stay in their field of vision, which right now is not that far, only within 8 t o 12 inches. 

Your little one won’t have much of a personality yet and you may think all he/she does is sleep, eat and poop! However, in reality, all that yummy breast milk is fuelling brain development as he/she spends time moving between sleep, and being quiet-alert and active-alert. 

Remember, newborns and babies up to 3 months old need 14 to 17 hours of sleep in a 24-hour period, usually waking every two to four hours to eat.

Not to worry, that is perfectly normal. Besides, all that sleep your baby does right now is also helping his/her brain and body grow. By this week, you sweet baby can recognise your voice and even your smell! Your little one also loves being touched and held by you.

Mummy, did you know that research has found out that holding your baby can actually help fuel brain development and help him/her grow faster? That’s right! So please shower your 2 week old baby with plenty of cuddles, kisses and skin-to-skin time. 

See a doctor if your baby: 

  • Does not startle at loud noises 
  • Does not attempt to gaze at you

2 week old

Nutrition and Health

Your baby is very happy with your breast milk, and this is absolutely all he/she needs at this age to meet all of his nutritional requirements. There’s no need to supplement with anything else, including water and juice. 

By now, your milk would have come in and you’d probably have an established breastfeeding pattern. 

It’s likely that your 2 week old baby is nursing every 1.5 to 3 hours, for approximately 15 minutes on each breast. Having said this, there’s no need to time your baby’s feeds. Feed your baby on demand and know that when you do, you’re not just nourishing him, but also providing comfort and security.

If for some reason you cannot breastfeed, then the only other source of nourishment your baby should get is formula milk. 

In general, your baby needs around 368.7 calories a day to help fuel his/her growth. Typically, the amount of breastmilk/formula milk for your baby at this stage is:

  • Breastmilk: 19.3-30.4 ounces/day
  • Formula: 16 – 24 ounces/day

If you are struggling with breastfeeding issues, please contact your paediatrician without delay. Your doctor can help you get back on the right track. 

In terms of 2 week old baby health issues, colic is probably the most common problem you’ll encounter. It may be caused by incorrect latching while breastfeeding, where newborns end up sucking more air than milk, which causes their tummies to fill with gas.

This eventually goes away but their uncontrollable crying even after a feed will indicate they may have colic. You could try gently massaging the baby’s tummy using flat palms and a clockwise motion. Gently moving their legs up and down in a “cycling” movement can help too. 

However, if your baby’s discomfort persists, seek medical advice without delay. 

Vaccination and common illnesses

In terms of vaccinations, your 2 week old baby should have got the following at birth: 

  • BCG : Immunisation against Tuberculosis
  • Hepatitis​ B – first dose: Immunisation against Hepatitis B

Do note: Two to three weeks after BCG vaccination, a small red lump usually appears at the injection site. This lump may increase in size and develop into an ulcer with a crust forming over it. A scar remains after the crust falls off. This is a normal reaction and not a side effect.

To know when the next vaccinations are due, please refer to this guide

Your baby’s immune system is still very immature at this point. He/she is very vulnerable to illnesses like the common cold at this stage. In newborns, common colds could lead to even severe consequences.

To prevent this, it is important to make sure whoever handles your baby is practising strict hygiene which includes frequent hand-washing. Wear a mask if you have a cold or cough, and any other family members or friends with colds or who are sick should stay far away from the baby until they are better.

If your baby catches a common cold or any other common illness, make sure that you bring him/her to the paediatrician immediately. At 2 weeks, your baby is too young for any kind of home remedies. 

It is important to make sure everyone avoids kissing your baby on his/her face, mouth, hands or feet as this could potentially transmit the fatal HPV virus to your little one.

Your baby is a sleepy little thing and will probably struggle to stay awake for more than two hours at a stretch. Over the months, a more regular sleep-wake pattern will get established. 

At 2 weeks old, you should be seeing around six to eight wet nappies a day. 

See a doctor if your baby: 

  • Still has jaundice. While some jaundice is normal at birth, if the yellowish tone lingers on, see a doctor. 
  • Has rashes around the mouth, or redness in the creases of his/her neck. The doctor may give you a mild topical treatment to apply on the affected area/s.
  • Has blocked tear ducts, indicated by discharge from the eyes. While some mums suggest applying a drop or two of breastmilk, it’s always best to check with a paediatrician first. 
  • Does not produce enough wet nappies, which can be a sign of dehydration. 

Newborn Care

Your newborn is still very fragile, so care must be taken especially for duties like carrying and/or bathing him/her. His/her neck should be supported at all times as it is still not strong enough to support his/her head.

In order to encourage his neck muscles to develop, you could start some tummy time as early as now, but for very short periods, and always under your watchful supervision. 

At this age, baby still doesn’t need to be bathed every day as you might rob his/her skin of moisture by doing this. And this could lead to dry skin and rashes. Unless the weather is very hot, stick to a bath every other day. A gentle rub down with a damp, soft washcloth will be adequate on the other days. 

Newborn Safety

Your 2 week old baby might have nails that look like they’ve been perfectly manicured. As pretty as they are, those pointy nails could cause some serious damage to baby’s tender skin if he/she startles and scratches his own face.

Use a baby nail cutter to gently trim them while baby sleeps or breastfeeds. Or you could gently bite them off with your teeth! Use mittens if all fails.  

Baby’s head is still very delicate, and the soft-spot on top of it is very vulnerable. Be extra careful when you or other caregivers wash baby’s head, and do not allow older siblings to touch baby’s head. Never leave your newborn alone with older siblings. 

Remember to always lay your baby down on his back to sleep, to prevent the risk of Sudden Infant Death Syndrome. Avoid placing heavy bedding and soft toys in his/her crib or cot too. 

See a doctor if your baby: 

  1. Fever: If your baby’s temperature goes above 100.4°F (38°C), it’s time to check in with the doc.

  2. Jaundice: If your baby’s skin or eyes start looking yellow, a visit to the doctor is a good idea.

  3. Feeding Troubles: If feeding is a struggle, your baby isn’t latching well, or there are issues with breastfeeding or formula intake, get professional advice.

  4. Breathing Concerns: If your baby is breathing rapidly, wheezing, or having any difficulty breathing, it’s time to call the doc.

  5. Unusual Crying: If your baby’s crying patterns suddenly change and you’re worried, a doctor’s visit can help ease your concerns.

  6. Dehydration Signs: If you notice your baby isn’t wetting diapers frequently or seems overly sleepy and lethargic, it’s time for a check-up.

  7. Unusual Poop or Spit-Up: If your baby’s poop is bloody, black, or white, or if they’re spitting up large amounts after every feeding, it’s worth discussing with the doctor.

  8. Skin Issues: If you notice any rashes, sores, or unusual skin changes on your baby’s delicate skin, it’s a good reason to consult a doctor.

Remember, trust your instincts as a parent. If something feels off or worries you, it’s always better to get professional advice sooner rather than later.

New Parent Wellness

Yes, as much as you are excited to become a new parent, you may feel the blues. In fact, it’s around this time in your motherhood journey that the baby blues might set in. As much as you lavish care and love on your 2 week old baby, you need to look after yourself too, mummy.

Due to hormonal changes and lack of sleep, you may feel overwhelmed and irritable. This is normal. But this is also why compassion and support from family and friends will be of utmost importance during this phase.

By week 2 of your baby’s life, you would have figured out what works best for you in order to get some rest: Sleep when the baby sleeps or take turns to stay up the night so that both parents share the load and maintain their health.

Remember, this is a self-discovery journey and each parent goes through different experiences. Comparisons with others will only make it worse. Feeling guilty may come to you very easily in terms of not being good enough or missing out on a few minute details. But remember this is not the case. 

If you feel like you just cannot cope, or struggle with feelings of overwhelming sadness, please, please reach out to your doctor without delay. 

The previous week: 1 Week Old Baby Development

The next week: 3 Week Old Baby Development

*Disclaimer: This is the median length and weight, and head circumference according to WHO standards)

Here at theAsianparent Singapore, it’s important for us to give information that is correct, significant, and timely. But this doesn’t serve as an alternative for medical advice or medical treatment. theAsianparent Singapore is not responsible for those that would choose to drink medicines based on information from our website. If you have any doubts, we recommend consulting your doctor for clearer information.

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