Development of colour vision and impact of colouring activities on kids’ vision

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Understand your child's color vision development and what you can do to help him.

Colour vision development is one of the most important aspects of a kids’ growth and it’s immensely affected by a number of different factors, such as a child’s ability to learn early colouring. We’ve formulated a detailed guide regarding the process of colour vision development and the impact of children’s colouring activities on their vision.

Development of vision in babies

The vision of babies goes through many transitions in the first few months after their birth.

1. Focusing and tracking

Newborn babies possess peripheral vision i.e. the ability to see to their sides. The babies develop the ability to focus on any object placed in front of them within the first few weeks of their life. At the age of one month, a baby can briefly focus on objects placed up to three feet away.


By the age of two months, the babies are also able to follow the moving objects as their visual perception and coordination improves. A baby acquires arm and hand control required to grab at close-ranged moving objects by the age of three months.

During the early months of a baby’s growth, the distant vision continues to develop. At the age of four months, a baby can spot their parent across a room and look at objects outside the window.

2. Images and light

Babies are highly sensitive to bright light at the time of their birth; hence, their pupils remain constricted in order to reduce the amount of light entering their eyes. The pupils of a baby begin to enlarge at the age of two weeks and babies are able to see a blur range of shades of dark and light. With the development of the retina, the baby’s ability to recognize different patterns improves. During the early weeks, high contrast images such as a bull’s eye, black and white pictures, or simple shapes can attract the attention of a baby.

The visual span of a baby immensely improves during the first three months and they can recognize familiar faces and become responsive to different facial expressions.

color vision

3. Development of colour vision

The colour vision of a baby matures and develops at almost the same rate as the development of other visual capabilities. At the age of one month, the babies become sensitive to the intensity or brightness of colours and they will spend a great deal of time in looking at bold colours and different contrasting patterns as compared to the lighter tones.

At the age of four months, babies are able to distinguish and respond to the entire range and shades of different colours. By the age of six months, a baby’s vision can be as good as a perfect 20\20. The eyesight of your baby will become a crucial element in their ability to coordinate different body movements like sitting, standing, and walking.

How does colour vision develop in the school-aged kids? Read on to the next page!

Kids School-age Child Development Contributor Content