We shouldn't discourage our kids from counting on their fingers; it actually helps them with math!
Many parents and teachers discourage children from counting on their fingers. Mostly because they fear that the child will become dependent on this method and hinder their learning. Although it doesn't seem like the most sophisticated way of doing arithmetic, research says that counting on your fingers actually makes you better at math, reports The Atlantic.
Fingers are important visual aids
Researchers Ilaria Berteletti and James R. Booth found that even though we don’t use our fingers as we make calculations, we continue to “see” a representation of our fingers. Analysing a group of 8-to-13-year-olds doing complex subtraction problems, the researchers saw that even though they didn’t count with their fingers, the parts of the brain associated with the fingers lit up.
Earlier research has found that the more aware children are of their fingers, the better they become at math. This trend continues even up until university.
Psychologist Brian Butterworth, a researcher in math learning, once wrote that students who aren’t allowed to count with their fingers will probably have a hard time with numbers. “Without the ability to attach number representation to the neural representation of fingers and hands… the numbers themselves will never have a normal representation in the brain.” Fingers, in other words, are highly important visual aids when it comes to numbers.
On the next page: what teachers and parents should do moving forward.