All about birthmarks in babies
Many babies are born with birthmarks that may get some mums and dads a bit anxious. To make things more complicated, there are many types of birthmarks that come in a range of colours, shapes and sizes.
We’re here to ease some of those worries and take you through the various types of birthmarks that newborns may sport. But first...
What is a birthmark?
A birthmark is a patch or mark on the skin that is usually seen at birth, but sometime develops soon after birth. It can be flat or raised and according to John Hopkins Medicine, is made up of abnormal pigment cells or blood vessels.
It is not known what exactly causes birthmarks to form, however, the majority of them are harmless, explain experts. Also, they can appear anywhere on the body. There are two types of birthmarks:
- Pigmented birthmarks: These are ‘coloured’ by an excess of pigment in that particular part of the skin. They are usually dark in colour, like a mole or ‘beauty spot’.
- Vascular birthmarks: These birthmarks are caused by a small clump of blood vessels bunching together under the skin often giving the ‘mark’ a pinkish or reddish hue.
These are the instances:
The birthmark is
- located on the lower back – these may be indicative of a spinal cord issue
- very large and on the head, neck or face
- located on a part of the body that might have an impact on your baby’s movement or development, e.g. on the eyelid.
- noticeably getting bigger or you see a dramatic change in texture or colour.
Click 'start gallery' to read about the most common type of birthmarks in babies.